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HP and Compaq Desktop PCs and Monitors - Changing Display Settings, Background Image, Icons, and Screen Saver (Windows Vista)
This document pertains to HP and Compaq Desktop computers with Windows Vista.
Changing the appearance of how Windows and its components are viewed from a display device.
Changing the amount of colors and resolution (size of Desktop)
You can adjust the size and the shape of the Desktop to fit your personal preferences. During a normal Windows Vista installation, the program tests the graphics card and displays the optimal size and resolution.
To change the display settings, follow the procedure below:
Changing the Desktop background
To change the pattern or wallpaper on the screen, follow these steps:
NOTE: If, after performing these steps, you cannot change the background from a solid color, see the HP support document Unable to Change Windows Desktop Background .
Adjusting Desktop icons
To adjust or add new Desktop icons, use the following information:
Display Desktop icons: If all Desktop icons are missing, right-click an open area of the Windows Desktop, click View, and make sure Show Desktop Icons is selected.
Figure 3: Show Desktop Icons
Create a new shortcut: To create a new shortcut icon on the Window Desktop, right-click an open area of the Desktop wallpaper, click New, and then click Shortcut. Follow the instructions on the screen to create the shortcut.
Create a new folder: To create a new folder icon on the Window Desktop, right-click an open area of the Desktop wallpaper, click New, and then click Folder.
Change the folder name: To change the folder name, right-click the icon, and click Rename. Type the new name and press Enter.
Adjust the icon size: To adjust the size of the icons, right-click an open area of the Windows Desktop and click View. Then click Large Icons, Medium Icons, or Classic Icons.
NOTE: You can quickly adjust the size of all icons by clicking the Desktop and pressing and holding the CTRL key and using the scroll wheel on the mouse.
To adjust the size and font of the icon text, use the next section: Changing the appearance of windows and text .
Changing the appearance of windows and text
Appearance refers to the colors that Windows uses for the default text color, text background color, window border color, title bar color, and many other elements. To change the appearance of your screen, follow these steps:
NOTE: There is no easy way to adjust the size of all fonts without affecting the entire screen size. You can adjust the size of all fonts by selecting Adjust font size (DPI) from Control Panel, but doing so will affect the size of all objects in Windows. Adjusting the font size should be done in the software you use or from the steps that follow for Windows features.
For example, if you want to adjust the font size in Web pages viewed from Internet Explorer, click Page from the tool bar and then click Text Size. If you want to change the text size in all Windows menus, use the following steps to change the font size used for the Menu item.
Advanced display settings
Right-click the Desktop background, click Personalize, click the Settings tab, and then click the Advanced Settings button. A properties window displays titled with the name of the graphics hardware. See the various settings that are available from the tabs across the top of the Properties window.
NOTE: Your computer may have more tabs than those listed here. Many video card manufacturers provide settings designed for their video hardware. These extra settings vary by the type of video hardware used and are not discussed here.
Properties: To access the hardware properties for your video card or on-board video hardware, click the Properties button. This is the same properties window that can be accessed through Device Manager.
List all Modes: This useful feature lists all the supported graphic resolutions and refresh rates that can be sent to the monitor by the video card or on-board video hardware. You can use the list of valid modes to find a mode that is compatible with the monitor you are using. After finding a compatible mode, you can change the refresh rate from the Monitor tab, and the display resolution from the Settings tab of the basic display properties window.
Figure 6: Adapter tab
Properties: To access the hardware properties for your monitor, click the Properties button. This is the same properties window that can be accessed through Device Manager.
Screen refresh rate: This setting determines how many times the monitor displays an entire screen in one second. Higher refresh rates may be more pleasing to the eye, but cause the video hardware to work harder and use more resources. Select a lower rate that is compatible with the adapter. If you can detect minute flickering or the change bothers your eyes, try adjusting the rate to the next available higher rate. Never exceed the rate available to the monitor.
CAUTION: Do not remove the selection next to Hide modes that this monitor cannot display. Changing the refresh rate to a rate that the monitor cannot accept may permanently damage some monitors.
Figure 7: Monitor tab
Change Settings: the video hardware in the computer might contain options that you can use to overcome specific graphics issues. In most cases, the video driver will add more tabs to the Advance Display Properties window, but some video hardware drivers might allow you to access their settings from this button.
Figure 8: Troubleshoot tab
Color Management: The Color Management tab provides settings to change the color output to the monitor. Typically, you would not use Color Management unless a special situation called for it, such as matching the colors on the monitor to the colors on a printer. Adjusting this setting changes the color out put for everything displayed in Windows and should be done only if needed.
Figure 9: Color Management tab
Changing the screen saver
Windows is preloaded with a number of screen savers. Screen savers help prevent stationary images from burning a ghost image into the phosphors of CRT monitors. They are also used to show entertainment when the computer is not being used. To change the screen saver, follow these steps:
If the screen saver does not open after the time has elapsed, certain device settings can prevent the screen saver from opening. Activity from devices such as a wireless mouse, network, or high definition audio can cause the computer to receive "wake up" calls that prevent the screen saver from opening.
Use the following steps to prevent these hardware devices from waking the computer: